Your guide to flies

Here's what you need to know about flies.

You've probably come across a fly in your home at some point throughout the year. Whether it snuck in when you left the window open to let in a fresh summer breeze or followed you inside while you carried groceries from your car to your pantry, the buzzing bugs can be incredibly annoying. What you probably didn't know, however, is that there are a variety of flies that can make their way into your house. Here is a quick guide to three types of common flies:

1. The common housefly
Most of the time, the fly that's found its way inside your home is a common housefly. The species is originally from Asia, but now exists in all inhabited continents, according to the University of Florida. These flies begin their lives as small, white maggots. Not long after they're born, they pupate and transform into adult flies. Common houseflies do not bite, but can be harmful to human health in other ways. They can spread disease if they land on a contaminated substance – such as human or animal feces – and then touch food. To keep common houseflies out of your home, make sure you clean up spills and other messes immediately after they occur.

2. The black fly
Though black flies are most often found on the eastern parts of North America, it's fairly common to find them elsewhere in the continent, especially during the warmer months of the year. Black flies pose the greatest threat to livestock, but they can also hurt humans. That's because female flies need blood to generate eggs (like mosquitoes), according to Purdue University. In order to obtain it, black flies will bite other animals – including people – as blood sources. If you're worried you have a black fly infestation already, it's probably a good idea to turn to a professional pest control agency, like Rudy's, for help. If you're part of the agricultural industry, it's definitely in your best interest to let a professional exterminator deal with the harmful chemicals that could affect your livestock.

3. The biting midge
Similar to black flies, biting midges need a blood source to reproduce. Due to that fact, biting midges can be a sizeable problem for both people and animals. According to Purdue University, controlling adult biting midges is rather tricky. The pests usually lay their eggs in standing water, so draining ponds and other sources of standing water may be necessary. Since they are smaller than normal houseflies, look for screens with smaller mesh barriers.