The insects that invade your home when it gets colder

As the temperatures drop in the fall and winter, insects attempt to make their way indoors.

As fall weather begins to arrive in full force, temperatures across the East coast are dropping. Just like people do, bugs are looking for ways to fight back against the brutal cold. Because of that, you may find your home inhabited by bugs during the fall and winter.

Although there is an increase in bugs that make their way indoors around this time of the year, you can do your part to help fight back. Keeping your home protected from an insect infestation starts with your yard. Do your best to keep it free of debris and clear of places for bugs to hide. Another easy way to prevent insects from finding their way into your home is to ensure there are no cracks, holes or openings anywhere around your home.

Bugs try to find their way indoors during spring and fall for various reasons. Perhaps they are seeking a cozy place to lay eggs that will hatch in the spring. Other insects, such as ants or roaches, may be exploring the inside of your home in search of a new source of food. Maybe they are attracted to the colors you decided to paint your walls.

Regardless of the reason they have decided to seek shelter indoors, bugs can be problematic if they are inside buildings. And while bugs that make their way indoors can be a nuisance to all, they are particularly unwanted by business owners. If you're on the lookout for the right ones, you can prevent them from damaging the inside of your business. Here are four of the most common insect invaders of the fall season.

1. Flies
Flies are some of the first insects to colonize homes and other buildings inhabited by people as temperatures drop throughout the fall and winter. In addition to the warm, cozier conditions found indoors, the easy access to meals is attractive to flies. Moreover, insect experts believe that flies are actually attracted to bright colors and hues throughout the home. That means if you were considering painting your kitchen or family room bright orange, you might want to pick out a different color. While flies can be bothersome in the fall months, it's important to ensure they do not hibernate in your home throughout the winter. If flies can find a good enough place to hide, they will remain in a semi-dormant state for the length of the winter.

2. Bees and yellow jackets
Though the vast majority of worker bees die off near the beginning of the colder months, the queen bee can live more many years. Every year, however, the queen bee must find a safe, warm place to spend the winter months. If your home, shed or garage has cracks or other exposed areas, the queen bee may decide to set up camp there. By the time spring arrives, you may be looking at an infestation as worker bees begin to build a hive or nest around the queen. One of the easiest ways to lower the risk of this happening on your property is to double-check to make sure every opening around your property is sealed properly.

3. Stinkbugs
Although originally from China, Japan and Taiwan, the brown marmorated stink bug is becoming more and more common in the U.S. The stink bug is present in many states around the country and is an invasive species, according to Michigan State University. Stink bugs often prey on pumpkins and other decorative fall plants. Not only do stink bugs damage crops and outdoor plants, but they invade homes and businesses to avoid the cold weather as well. In addition to being an unwelcome intruder, they give off a repulsive smell (as their name suggests).

4. Ticks and fleas
Although ticks and fleas may not actively make their way into your home, they can cause big problems for pets and, as a result, their owners. Fleas and ticks are even more dangerous to animals in the fall because they remain active despite the dropping temperatures. Ticks and fleas may be small bugs, but they can be a huge problem if you don't catch them early on – especially for pets. Even well into the fall season, ticks and fleas are major problems. If you make sure you check your pets for them, however, you can pick up on potential infestations in new hiding spots before they get too extensive to eradicate.